How VR can show us life, death, and the consequences we’re blind to

So ‘Melting Ice’ is the first of four in a
docuseries, ‘This is Climate Change’. I had the privilege to travel to Greenland
with Vice President Al Gore and see the landscape through his eyes. And it’s just this majestic, beautiful glacial
world, but it’s collapsing in front of you. So we would place our cameras, and I would
actually time it to run underneath the glacier, and place the camera and run out before these
giant blocks of ice came crashing down. And so the final experience is: you look up
and you’re at the base of this glacier and you’re watching these enormous chunks of
ice just crash down in front of you. And it’s very different than watching it
on a flat screen, it feels, you know, you’re watching it, it’s distant, it’s something
a little more abstract. In VR that screen melts away, and you’re
in it. You feel like those chunks of ice are coming
for you. It sounds like it’s crashing right in front
of you and you see this wave of water wash over below where your feet should be. And so it’s a very different experience
when you’re feeling and hearing the Earth change at such a rapid pace. We then followed the glacial melt down these
wide, two-mile-wide rivers of silt, and it would concentrate down into this one narrow
chasm, and I remember standing next to this chasm of water that was just—the incredible
intensity of it was so powerful, and feeling very small and realizing just this Earth,
that once we unleash the power that is latent within it it is going to be very difficult
to reverse it. And so it’s trying to capture these experiential
moments of climate change and distill it down to these discrete experiences so that we can
understand it like we were actually witnessing it, and take the science and translate it
into something that we can embody, that we can feel, and even take a perspective of not
even—it’s taking an impossible perspective. And so we used a lot of drone shots to be
able to lift you out of your normal everyday height and place you into another perspective
to see the world changing as it is so rapidly right now. There is the potential to overwhelm a viewer. This is a very intense medium and if you place
people into intense situations they’re going to respond to it. And so it is this balance, I think, of finding
experiences that match to someone’s own experience level. And we know that if you put someone into an
experience that’s too intense they’ll pull the headset off and have that feeling
to flee. And so that isn’t very helpful. We’re really trying to find a balance where
you are guiding someone in, you’re leading them in and wanting to have them feel safe
and secure so that they can explore this world. So we found that having a warm, knowledgeable,
and empathic guide or character in these VR experiences helps people sink into it, it
helps them put down their defenses and say, “I’m going to be okay and I’m going
to be open to this, and I’m going to try it.” And so that openness, I think, can be fostered. There’s research that shows that the feeling
of awe—which can be triggered through beautiful natural landscapes or music—it can dilate
time to either feeling shorter or longer. And we find that consistently in VR, that
time changes. People don’t know how long they’re in
a VR experience. Sometimes twice as long or half the amount
of time that they estimate than that it actually was. So there’s definitely some time dilation
already happening in VR. Awe also triggers feelings of openness, of
being more receptive to new ideas, people, general experiences. And so I think it’s important to cultivate
this openness when putting someone into an intense experience. This medium is having to raise questions that
take things to another level; can we have people really dive down into these hard problems
and experience what it might be like to be in a famine-like condition, or in the inferno
of a wildfire, or in the kill chute of a slaughterhouse? These are very intense things—life and death. But it’s absolutely critical that we understand
that they’re happening and that we’re all contributing to it. And if we no longer want to participate in
either destructive or violent practices we have to know where to divest. We need to know that if I purchase something
in a grocery store, a piece of beef, that action will ripple through the supply chain
and it will end up with someone with an electric prod forcing a cow into a kill chute where
they’ll be bolted and their throat will be slit. And that is difficult to experience, but if
we are participating in it, it’s necessary that we understand that our actions have consequences. And so VR can link two different things that
seem so separate, but connect them and make them something integral and connected, and
connect it to us. And if it’s connected to us and our own
actions, then, again, back to that reflection: How do I change? How do I take action? I think there is this balance of not overwhelming
people with intense experiences, cultivating that sense of awe and leading them into these
important issues in an empathetic way. So Condition One is a technology and content
studio creating these powerful VR experiences. And we’re really interested in VR for good
and impact, and how to use this medium to address some urgent issues that we’re facing. There are these potentials where we can start
shifting people’s thinking and behavior in these really positive ways that help our
environment, that help animals and that help our own health. And so using VR for this positive change,
this positive impact is what we’re focused on.


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