Strikes Lockout Gherao | Industrial Disputes Act, 1947


Suppose you as a worker or an employee
are unhappy with your employer You feel exploited or underpaid or just simply undervalued You aren’t getting enough leaves as you should or your salary isn’t being
paid on time or maybe your workplace environment is unhygienic or maybe you and a few others have been wrongfully dismissed Causes like these would leave you to revolt right? That’s exactly what we will
be covering today, the various forms of disputes workers resort to so that their
voices can be heard by the management and also have the demands fulfilled, all
covered under the Industrial Disputes Act, 1947 There are mainly three types of
disputes: strikes, lockout and gherao Strike is when you along with a group of
others who are employed in the same industry cease work in a unified manner
under a common understanding. There are various ways by which you can strike You could simply sit at your workplace and have control over your facilities but refuse to work This is the sit down or pen down strike or you could start working but do the work ridiculously slow thus restricting the rate of output this is called go slow strike or you could not work for a short
period of time say an hour or an entire day called token/ protest strike. This
in a way gives a signal of danger to employer if wrong practices aren’t
stopped. Finally you could choose not to go to work and organise rallies and
demonstrations against your employer which is called stay away strike However for going on strikes you need to follow certain regulations given by the
government failing which will lead to penalty We will cover these regulations
shortly. Lockout is actually the weapon of the employer Its temporary suspension of work or closing a workplace as a response to your strike.
Do not confuse this with layoff. But here’s another weapon for you. Gherao is a Hindi term which literally means forming a human barricade against
the managers in your workplace premise to intimidate them into accepting your
demands But you may not want to resort to this as it’s illegal and can be
psychologically disturbing for the management You could rather resort to
picketing which is an act of placing workmen in front of the workplace
premise with placards and banners so as to inform everybody about the strike If done with no violence, this is legal Now coming to the regulations for
strikes and lockout Firstly you need to give a notice to your employer and conciliation officer about your strike six weeks
before going on strike Following which you’re also not allowed to go on strike in case if conciliation proceedings are on and seven days thereafter neither can you strike if arbitration or adjudication is on and two months
thereafter or if any settlement or award is in operation Similar such restrictions apply for employers right to lockout However there are various
machinery available under this act to help settle your dispute. Hence you may want to opt for those rather than revolting We will cover those machinery in another video For now thanks for watching. Do like, share and subscribe!

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